About the year 1866, provings were made by Whitesides, Weaver and others (see Am. Hom. Obs.), and a year or two later Hydrastis was proved under Lippe by a class of students of the Hahnemann College of Philadelphia, with different dilutions, mostly the 30th.
- Ophthalmia, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 467; Nasal catarrh, Palmer, Raue's Rec., 1871, p. 65; Webster, Raue's Rec., 1871, p. 84; Moore, Times Retros., 1877, p. 26; Diphtheritic deposit in nose and vagina, Smith, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 469; Epithelial cancer of lip, Blake, Hom. Rev., vol. 18, p. 491; Cancerous tumor of hard palate, Nankivell, Raue's Rec., 1873, p. 248; Sore mouth, Morgan, Hom. Clinics, vol. 3, p. 131; Williamson, Raue's Rec., 1874, p. 106; Mercurial salivation, Lodge, Hale's Therap., p. 320; Affection of mouth and throat, Hale, Hale's Therap., p. 319; Use in diphtheria, Oehme, Therapeutics, p. 38; Epigastric tumor with marasmus, La Brunne, Hale's Therap., p. 322; Weakness of digestion, Smedley, A. H. O., vol. 4, p. 29; Dyspepsia, McClatchey, Raue's Rec., 1875, p. 141; Bradshaw, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 592; Cancer of stomach, Hendricks, Raue's Rec., 1872, p. 137; Subacute inflammation of liver, Bradshaw, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 591; Jaundice, Albertson, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 462; Constipation (3 cases), Rogerson, B. J. H., vol. 18, p. 526; Hughes, B. J. H., vol. 23, p. 257; Hibbard, Raue's Rec., 1874, p. 201; Hale, Hale's Therap., p. 325; Brown, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 466; Martin, Trans. Hom. Med. Soc. Pa., 1882, p. 204; Constipation of infants, Hibbard, A. H. O., vol. 10, p. 254; Constipation and hemorrhoids, Clark, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 465; Brown, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 464; Hemorrhoids, Hunt, Raue's Rec., 1874, p. 202; Brown, Bernhard and Strong; Bradshaw, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 595; Ulceration of rectum, Mitchell, U. S. M. and S. J., July, 1871; Fistula ani, Morgan, Raue's Rec., 1870, p. 219; Gonorrhea, Brown, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 467; Prolapsus uteri, Boyce, Raue's Rec., 1870, p. 248; Uterine affection, Wigand, A. H. O., vol. 2, p. 232; Uterine hemorrhage, Hale, Times Retros., 1877, p. 26; Menstrual disturbances, affections of uterus, Schatz, Allg. Hom. Ztg., vol. 109, p. 24; Tumor in breast, Freeman, B. J. H., vol. 20, p. 8; Scirrhous of breast, Maclimont and Marston, B. J. H., vol. 21, p. 639; Marston, Hughes Pharm., p. 409; Mammary cancer, Bayes, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 150; B. J. H., vol. 20, p. 4; Cough, Small, Hale's Therap., p. 329; Disease of heart, Smedley, A. H. O., vol. 4, p. 21; Ulcers on leg, Gilchrist, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 465, Scrofulous ulcers on leg, Eadon, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 469; Typhoid fever, Mohr, Organon, vol. 3, p. 374; General marasmus, Rebsher, Raue's Rec., 1870, p. 312; Scrofulous inflammation of glands, Bradshaw, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 596; Cuts, burns, intertrigo, Saxton, Hale's Therap., p. 315; Cancer, Bradshaw, B. J. H., vol. 19, p. 588; Epithelioma, Blake, Raue's Rec., 1875, p. 299; Erysipelas, Woodvine, N. E. M. G., 1874, p. 28; Smallpox (3 cases), Cleveland, A. H. O., vol. 3, p. 264; Eczema, Cooper, Raue's Rec., 1872, p. 256; Ulcers (3 cases), Hastings, N. A. J. H., vol. 13, p. 450.
Forgetful; cannot remember what he is reading or talking about.
Irritable; disposed to be spiteful.
Moaning, with occasional outcries from pain.
Depression of spirits, sure of death and desires it.
Dull, heavy frontal headache over eyes; catarrhal.
Dull frontal headache, with dull pain in hypogastrium and small of back.
Severe frontal headache.
Sharp cutting in temples and over eyes; agg. over left; amel. from pressing with hand.
Dull, pressing pain on top of head, pressing outward from ears, at 10.30 A. M.
Vertex headache in paroxysms, every other day, commencing about 11 A. M., with excessive nausea, retching and anguish.
Headache of a nervous gastric character, almost constant.
Frontal headaches; headaches arising from catarrh, gastric difficulties, indigestion, dyspepsia, acidity of stomach, as well as from bilious disorder, constipation, piles, uterine disorder, etc.
Myalgic headache, in integuments of scalp and muscles of neck.
Weeping eruption on forehead along margin of hair, after taking cold; agg. from warmth of room after having been in cold air; itching when warm; agg. washing. ~ Eczema.
Scalp and face covered with thick crusts, which upon removal, expose red, raw and infiltrated patches. ~ Eczema.
Scalp caked over with a thick, sebaceous secretion; hair dry and lustreless; debility and insufficient nourishment after typhoid fever. ~ Seborrhea sicca.
Laceration of scalp above left temple, several inches in length, crescentic in shape; wound suppurated and became a troublesome sore.
Dark greenish yellow colored conjunctiva.
Lack of accommodative power of eyes and asthenopia.
Opacity of cornea; scrofulous ophthalmia, with or without ulceration; thick mucous discharge.
Profuse secretion of tears; smarting of eyes; burning of eyes and lids.
Pain and burning in eyes.
Inflammation and ulceration of conjunctiva.
Acute catarrhal ophthalmia, the result of daily exposure to harsh dry winds; inflammation nearly extended to border of iris; lids greatly swollen and excoriated; profuse catarrhal secretion.
Ophthalmia: catarrhal; scrofulous; thick mucous discharge.
Chronic inflammation of eyes.
Mucous membrane of eyelids much congested; profuse, thick, white mucous discharge.
Discharge of matter from eyes, resulting from catarrhal inflammation.
Conjunctivitis siccus with sensation of dryness and scratching, and feeling of weight and heaviness of upper lids.
Large painful stye on left lid.
Roaring in ears, like from machinery.
Tinnitus aurium, from catarrh of inner ear.
Membrana tympani purplish and bulging.
Perforation of membrani tympani.
Mucous membrane of middle ear eroded, granular and exuberant with polypoid growths.
Purulent inflammation of middle ear, with thick, tenacious discharge, more mucus than pus.
Bland mucous discharge, associated with dropping in posterior nares.
Thick, offensive, irritating catarrhal and purulent discharges from external auditory meatus.
Otorrhea, thick mucous discharge.
Ears red, thickened and covered with scales; skin back of each pinna red, thickened and fissured at their connection with side of head.
Tickling, like a hair, in right nostril.
The air feels cold in nose.
Stuffed up, smarting sensation in posterior nares, with discharge of thin, clear mucus.
Stuffiness of nares, and discharge of thick, white or yellow tenacious and stringy mucus, or frequent dropping down of mucus from posterior nares into throat.
Sharp, raw, excoriated feeling in both nares, with constant inclination to blow nose; hoarseness.
Posterior nares clogged with mucus.
Secretion, more from posterior nares, thick, tenacious.
Sneezing, with fullness over eyes, dull frontal headache, pain in right breast and down arms.
Coryza watery, excoriating; burning in nose, more right nostril; discharge scanty in room, profuse out of doors; rawness in throat and chest.
Coryza, with copious secretion of white mucus and tears.
Fluent coryza, followed by thick catarrhal discharge.
Bloody purulent discharge from nose.
Influenza in cold, weak, debilitated persons.
Secretions so profuse as to be removed in long tenacious shreds or pieces.
Constant thick white mucous discharge, with frontal headache; discharge of yellowish stringy mucus into throat.
Constant discharge of thick white mucus from nose; coryza with frontal headache. ~ Nasal catarrh.
Discharge of thick white mucus from nose; lachrymation; thickening of membrane of posterior nares; swelling of turbinated bones; large crusts forming in nasal fossa; occasional thin mucous discharge; raw, smarting sensation in nostrils; pains in ears. ~ Nasal catarrh.
Profuse discharge of thick, yellowish, stringy mucus from nasal passages.
Discharge of thick yellow matter from nose.
Chronic nasal catarrh.
Ozaena, with bloody, purulent discharge.
Obstruction of nasal passages.
Soreness of cartilaginous septum, bleeding when touched; inner edge of right ala sore and thickened.
Nosebleed, left nostril, with burning rawness; followed by itching.
After apparent recovery from diphtheria, formation of a diphtheritic membrane in left nostril and in vagina, the former being completely plugged up.
Diphtheritic affections of nose.
Expression weary, dull, skin pale, or yellow-white.
Pale face, worn, weary expression.
Erysipelatous eruption following flushes of heat.
Chills passing down back, followed by burning fever; pulse 120; headache in supraorbital region, excruciating pain in lumbar region; face red, left side of nose swollen; great tenderness of cervical glands, urine high colored; inflammation passed from left side of nose to right ear, eye, scalp and whole face, right eye being closed; extreme restlessness, disturbed by least noise; urine suppressed for twenty-four hours; delirium. ~ Erysipelas erratica.
Left cheek swollen; left eye closed; pain and burning, chills, flushes; pulse 100. ~ Erysipelas.
Forehead, cheeks and nose slightly red and very greasy; follicles plugged with comedones; skin dirty in patches. ~ Seborrhea oleosa.
Forehead, cheeks and chin covered with small red elevations with black points-acne punctata-and papulo-pustules; digestion feeble, bowels torpid.
Ulcer on nose and eyelid; base of ulcer of a dingy, reddish-yellow color, dry, glazed and free from granulations, and discharge but slight.
Gums dark red and swollen.
Taste: flat; peppery; bitter or saltish.
Tongue and lips parched, red and dry.
Dryness of tongue, with sensation as if it had been burned.
Tongue as if burned or scalded, later a vesicle on tip.
Tongue coated yellowish-white.
Tongue foul and coated with thick white fur.
Large, flabby, slimy looking tongue.
Tongue large and flabby, showing imprint of teeth. ~ Stomatitis.
Tongue: swollen, showing marks of teeth; coated white, or with a yellow stripe.
Tongue raw, dark red, with raised papillae.
Cancerous affections of tongue.
Excessive secretion of thick, tenacious mucus.
Gums and mucous membrane of mouth dark red and swollen; uvula relaxed and sore; hawking of large quantities of yellow tenacious mucus from throat, leaving a sensation of rawness.
Mucous membrane of fauces studded with round, protuberant spots of a red color, as if injected with blood, agg. from least exposure to cold.
Soreness and rawness of mouth, with raised papillae and dark red appearance of mucous membranes.
Follicular and catarrhal ulcers with exceedingly tenacious mucus in mouth.
Stomatitis: after mercury or chlorate of potash; in nursing women or weakly children; with peppery taste; tongue as if burned, or raw, with dark red appearance and raised papillae; during course of eruptive fevers.
Aphthous sore mouth.
Jaws set; liquids swallowed with difficulty; power of articulation lost; ulceration of mouth. ~ Mercurial salivation.
Gangrenous sore mouth after abuse of mercury and chlorate of potash.
Syphilitic affections of mouth, throat and nares.
Dense, irregular tumor in hard palate, painful to touch, and somewhat elastic, disposed to bleed and to discharge offensive matter; climacteric. ~ Cancer.
Uvula sore and relaxed.
Hawking of yellow tenacious mucus from posterior nares and fauces; rawness of fauces; ulcers in throat; after mercury and chlorate of potash.
Pain on swallowing as from excoriation.
Sensation of rawness in throat, after hawking up large quantities of tenacious mucus.
Tingling and smarting in throat.
Soreness of neck and throat, with relaxation of palate.
Great swelling, redness and itching, and great soreness of throat.
Sore throat arising from irritation of stomach and lower portion of esophagus.
Sore throat from gastric derangement.
Ulcerated sore throat: with putrid odor; from salivation by mercury or after chlorate of potash.
Angina with ulceration, accompanying scarlatina.
Chronic angina, with round, protuberant red spots in throat, with sensation of roughness and stiffness when swallowing.
Chilliness although well covered; headache of a beating or darting character, and not confined to any one locality; stools consist entirely of blood; epistaxis. ~ Diphtheria.
Pseudo-membranes, or tenacious mucous secretions, resembling diphtheria, with or without ulceration.
Diphtheritic sore throat.
Syphilitic sore throat.
Results of mercurial salivation.
Chronic catarrhal affections of throat.
Sinking at epigastrium and palpitation of heart.
Violent pulsations in epigastrium, and palpitation of heart, with heavy, dull, hard thumping, fullness of chest and dyspnea.
Even slight pressure of hand reveals strong pulsations in pit of stomach.
Feeling of weight in stomach and epigastrium.
Anorexia with dyspeptic feeling in epigastrium.
Pain at pit of stomach and extreme emaciation, with vomiting of all food save milk and water. ~ Cancer of stomach.
Pains in stomach five or six years, then loss of strength, great sensitiveness of epigastric region, in which pulsations isochronous with pulse were perceived, and a flattened, resistant tumor of some two inches in diameter; in a few months pains became insufferable, loss of appetite and sleep alarming, frequent vomiting and great anguish about heart almost permanent; tumor pronounced scirrhous. ~ Epigastric tumor with marasmus.
Flat, resistant tumor, two inches in diameter in epigastrium, sensitive to pressure, pulsations synchronous with pulse, insufferable pains, frequent vomiting, loss of appetite, anguish about heart, sleeplessness, loss of strength. ~ Cancer.
Faintness at stomach; sinking, gone feeling, with continued violent palpitation of heart.
Dull, aching pain in stomach, which causes a very weak faintish feeling, goneness in epigastric region; acidity; constipation.
Stomach actually sunken; weak, faint. ~ Marasmus.
Weight and fullness in stomach, or an empty, aching, “gone” feeling, more or less constant, agg. by a meal.
Food seems to lie heavy in stomach.
Pain in pit of stomach.
Acute, distressing, cutting pains in stomach.
Weakness of digestion, with heavy, dull, hard, thumping fullness of chest and dyspnea.
Weakness of digestion, pale tongue, fullness and uneasiness in stomach after eating, weakness of body and limbs, with depression of spirits.
Weakness of digestion with debility, particularly in diseases from exhaustion, and in latter stages of nervous fevers.
Indigestion from an atonic state of stomach, with debility.
Indigestion, with acidity and general weakness.
Constant acid mucous vomitings; obstinate constipation; wretched nights; tongue coated; looks ill and pale; is thin and hysterical; pulse quiet; faintings every day from exhaustion; appetite good, but nearly all food returning intensely acid; no actual disease could be detected about her; has taken great quantities of acid and alkaline mixtures and has habitually used purgatives. ~ Mucous irritation et morbus medicinalis.
Sympathetic affections of digestive organs arising from uterine disease.
Gastric disorders of intemperate people.
Flatulency, distension and painful digestion of dyspeptics.
Chronic gastric catarrh; chronic dyspepsia.
Gastro-duodenal catarrh; sense of sinking and prostration at epigastrium, with violent and continued palpitation of heart.
Chronic ulceration of mucous membrane of stomach.
Chronic affections of stomach, especially of mucous membrane.
Chronic inflammation of stomach.
Carcinoma, with emaciation; goneness.
Fullness and dull aching in right hypochondrium.
Torpor of liver, with pale, scanty stools.
Jaundice, with catarrh of stomach and duodenum.
Skin very yellow; stools white and frequent; urine very dark; skin hot; tongue coated; great weariness and depression; legs anasarcous; bad nights; no appetite; slight difficulty of breathing; much fullness and tenderness over hepatic region; great aching in shoulder-blades. ~ Subacute inflammation of liver.
Severe pain in stomach and bowels; skin and eyes dark, greenish-yellow; urine very dark; feces light colored; great debility. ~ Jaundice.
Jaundice from structural disease of liver.
Catarrhal inflammation of mucous lining of gall bladder and biliary ducts.
Functional disorders of liver in connection with intermittent fever.
Chronic derangement of liver.
Liver enlarged, indurated, nodulated, and sensitive to pressure; tumor in epigastrium as large as a hen's egg, doughy in consistency, and in centre a small spot as if filled with fluid; after eating, vomiting of food incorporated with sour, putrid mucus; thirst, loss of appetite, diarrhea, weakness, emaciation, sleeplessness.
Liver atrophied. ~ Marasmus.
Sharp pain in region of spleen, with constant dull pain in stomach and bowels, with hot, burning sensation.
Severe cutting pains in splenic and cecal regions, and in hypogastrium.
Burning in region of navel, with goneness and faintness in epigastrium.
Severe cutting pain in hypogastric region, extending into testicle, occurring after stool, with faint feeling.
Sense of constriction in hypogastric region.
Loud rumbling, with dull aching in hypogastrium and small of back; agg. moving.
Flatulent colic, accompanied by faintness.
Flatulent colic; sensation of a lump of the size of a hen's egg, rising and falling in right iliac and lumbar regions; sharp pains around umbilicus extending to left ovarian and splenic regions; moaning with occasional outcries; very restless, no sleep; abdominal walls painful on pressure; discharge of flatulency, sounding like the report of a pistol; tongue and lips parched and dry; little thirst and loathing of food; constipation of bowels; offensive pus-like discharge from vagina; great tenderness of os uteri; countenance pale and haggard; hiccough; hectic fever; cold sweats and bedsores.
Cutting, colicky pains, with heat and faintness; constipation; amel. after passing flatus.
Colicky pains, with fainting turns and heat in bowels, following constipation.
Griping, with profuse light colored diarrhea.
Griping, with light acrid stools.
Sharp pain in region of spleen, with dull pain and burning in stomach and bowels.
Pain in large intestines and rectum.
Sharp pain in cecal region.
Sensation of great fullness in left iliac region.
Dull dragging in groins, cutting pains extending into testicles.
Pains in groin, as if he had strained himself; clothing uncomfortable.
Intestinal catarrh, followed by ulceration.
Blenorrhea of the intestines.
Chronic intestinal catarrh.
Chronic catarrhal or croupous enteritis.
Urging to urinate, and sensation as if bowels would move, but only wind passes.
Discharge of flatus with great noise.
Stools loose, soft, light colored, with flatus.
Soft stool, followed by severe cutting pain in hypogastrium, with dull aching in testicles and faintness.
Slimy, tenacious discharges with tenesmus; or when feces are in form of hard balls coated over with yellowish, tough mucus. ~ Chronic enteritis.
Stool: light colored, soft; acrid; greenish; lumpy, covered with mucus; hard, knotty.
Stools hard and nodulated, of a gray or brown color.
Constipation; feces like bullets.
One or two stools a week, very hard but of natural color.
Scanty stools occasionally, alternating with discharge of membranous casts.
Torpidity and want of desire for stool.
Constipation more from sluggish state of bowels than from diseased condition of system.
Obstinate constipation where catarrhal indigestion is coincident.
Obstinate constipation and its attendant dull headache in forehead; weak feeling in epigastric region; sour eructations and “dyspeptic cough”, with copious expectoration of thick mucus.
Constipation of long standing, aggravated by cathartic medicines; patients weak and feeble; complexion sallow; tongue foul; pain in lower bowels and rectum; indigestion; stools hard and nodulated.
Constipation, one or two stools a week for eight years, and then only after use of purgatives; continual pain in head, especially in morning; bad taste in mouth with coated tongue; pain in back and shoulders; sensation of constriction in hypogastric region, amel. only by purgation; yellow or rather bilious tint of face, skin smooth and dry; severe pain after each stool, which is hard and knotty, and of a brown color.
Constipation: headache and piles; after stools, for hours severe pain in rectum and anus; colic pains with fainting turns and heat in bowels; anemia; remittent fever; after purgative medicines.
Three weeks after confinement was seized, while at stool, with severe burning, stinging pains in rectum and anus, lasting six to eight hours after each evacuation; and accompanied with a sensation of heat in intestines, colic pains and fainting; every week one or two very hard, but natural colored stools.
Sore neck, sore throat which is much relaxed and inflamed; headache; cough and expectoration; pain in side while stooping and rising from recumbent position; foul breath; tongue foul and coated with a thick white fur; appetite poor; constipated; after purgatives.
Constipation and hemorrhoids during pregnancy, with severe pain during stool, no hemorrhage.
Constipated habit since birth, after failure of cathartics and enemas.
Constipation: with piles; of hepatic origin; following rheumatic fever; the cause of other ailments.
After stool: long lasting pain in rectum; hemorrhoids and fainting; exhaustion.
Smarting, burning pains in rectum, during and after each stool.
Ulceration of rectum, after bad cases of dysentery.
Prolapsus of rectum; simple prolapsus in children, with congestion and swelling of mucous membrane, and marked constipation.
Fistula ani with constipation, piles and ulceration.
Fissures and excoriations of anus.
Hemorrhoids, when a small loss of blood is followed by excessive weakness.
Painful hemorrhoids, with paroxysms of headache and constipation; severe burning, smarting pains in rectum, before and after each stool; colic pains, with attacks of faintness and heat in intestines, often follow evacuations, after a constipation of several days.
Hemorrhoidal swellings which bleed profusely at times; much prolapsus recti; offensive, dirty-looking, hemorrhoidal discharge from anus, obliging him to wear a bandage.
Piles and headache with constipation.
Dull aching in region of kidneys.
Catarrh of bladder, with thick, ropy, mucous sediment in urine.
Chronic cystitis; diabetes; gravel.
Symptoms of ulceration of bladder.
Difficulty in making water.
Suppression of urine.
Incontinence of urine.
Urine increased and of neutral reaction.
High colored urine which deposits a cloudy sediment while standing.
Urine smells as if decomposed.
Debility, after spermatorrhea.
Spermatorrhea, incipient stricture, chronic gonorrhea, gleet, inflammation and ulceration of whole internal coat of bladder.
Gonorrhea, second stage, thick, yellow discharge.
Long lasting gonorrhea, accompanied by great moral and physical depression.
Acute or chronic gonorrhea; feeling of debility and faintness after each passage from bowels.
Catarrh of urethra; after acute gonorrhea, a gleety discharge remains; copious, painless, urethral discharge; spurious gonorrhea; relaxation of urethral mucous membrane, and a consequent weeping, the discharge being almost watery in character.
Gleet with debility; copious, painless, sometimes thick discharge.
Dragging in right groin to testicle, thence to left testicle, thence to left groin.
Aching pains in small of back at change of life; uterine affections, accompanied by debility and disorder of digestive functions.
Offensive, pus-like discharges from vagina.
Great tenderness of os uteri.
Discharge of tough, stringy mucus from os uteri.
Mucous leucorrhea; uterine and vaginal catarrh.
Epithelial abrasion of os and cervix uteri and vagina, with superficial ulceration of parts.
Cervix uteri swollen, indurated and eroded.
Ulceration of os, cervix and vagina; leucorrhea; debility; prolapsus uteri.
Hot, watery discharge from uterus.
Uterine diseases with sympathetic affections of digestive organs.
Uterine hemorrhage, menorrhagic form; bleeding excessive for ten days during each period, attended with pain and anemia; hemorrhage from fibroid tumor; congestive dysmenorrhea; sub-involution of uterus; metritis; endometritis; menopause.
Metrorrhagia: consequent upon fibroid tumors; in girls fifteen to eighteen years of age; puerperal hemorrhages; endometritis.
Profuse menses for a year, flowing ten days or more; dysmenorrhea; great prostration and anemia.
After catching cold by getting feet wet during menses, severe pains in bowels and uterine region, “it felt like wind;” a lump, size of a hen's egg, rises and falls in right iliac and lumbar regions; sharp pains around umbilicus, extending to left ovarian and splenic region; continual moaning and distressing outcries; very restless; sleepless; abdominal walls painful to pressure; discharge of flatus which sounds like report of pistol.
Tongue and lips parched and dry; little thirst; loathing of food; constipation; injections per anum followed by bullet-shaped feces; offensive, pus-like discharge from vagina; great tenderness of os uteri; pale and haggard; hiccough; hectic fever; cold sweats; bedsores. ~ Uterine affections.
Regurgitation of food by mouthful, without nausea, which, however, affords relief; despondent and gloomy; when food is retained suffers from headache palpitation of heart and nervousness, or restlessness; bad taste in throat from breath; mouth very dry in morning, and tongue thickly coated; sour risings from stomach; great quantities of wind in stomach causing distress until discharged; after eating must keep quiet or she becomes feverish and distressed; pain in bowels three or four hours after eating with inclination to stool; pain and soreness of liver; after dinner nervous and irritable, cannot bear to be spoken to; becomes so nervous that to hear any one speak is unbearable and head aches intensely; on closing eyes sees sparks and light spots; pain in and over eyeballs; pain on opening eyes; cannot sleep until after midnight; epigastric region very tender to touch; sensation as of a tight band around waist, agg. at night; constant coldness of hands, feet and limbs while head is hot; constipation, feces at first dry and lumpy, afterwards like white of egg; great straining at stool; nosebleed before menses; menses delayed, preceded and accompanied by severe pains in back and headache; constant, acrid, corroding leucorrhea agg. ten days after menses cease; when standing feels as if everything would fall out; very tender about vulva; discharge like white of egg, coming on immediately after menses cease, lasting ten days or longer, profuse and debilitating; severe pain in small of back and in back part of legs; pain in inside of legs above knees; coition very painful, with almost constant desire, especially during the time she has “white of egg” discharge, amounting to furor uterinus; after coition prostration and distress in stomach; commences at once to spit up the last meal, or has taste of it in mouth; the “white of egg” discharge usually becomes red, bloody fluid, and soon as it ceases she becomes irritable and angry with every one, and cannot endure idea of coition, any reference to it making her angry; constant desire to pass water, and when a little is passed she is relieved, and it seems to her that if she could pass a great quantity of water she would feel still better; in morning this desire is less; at times, discharges of hot water from womb, which is so profuse as to wet bed and all her clothes; uterus prolapsed; os indurated and congested; all symptoms amel. by lifting womb into place and holding it there; amel. in recumbent posture.
Tenacious, viscid leucorrhea, uterine or vaginal.
Mucous leucorrhea, discharge hanging from os in long viscid strings.
Yellow, tenacious leucorrhea, long threads or pieces in it; sometimes offensive.
Leucorrhea tenacious, ropy, thick, yellow.
Leucorrhea complicated with hepatic derangement and constipation.
Pruritus vulvae, with profuse leucorrhea; sexual excitement.
Lancinating pain in breast, extending up to shoulder and down arms.
Pain in left breast, so bad as to prevent all rest at night.
Pain in breast, almost unbearable, causing a worn and haggard appearance of countenance.
Pains accompanying cancer in breast.
Scirrhous tumor of left breast; hard, heavy and adherent to skin, which is dark, mottled and very much puckered, the nipple being retracted; pains like knives thrust into the part; cachectic appearance of face.
Stony hard, nodulated tumor in left breast, unattached to skin, perfectly movable and as large as a filbert; lancinating pains.
Cancer of left breast as large as a small egg, with retraction of nipple.
Hard, irregular enlargement of left breast; nipple retracted, and glands of left axilla enlarged and painful; mother had died of cancer of tongue. ~ Cancer.
Irregular nodule of scirrhus of mamma, with retraction of nipple; enlargement of axillary glands; health poor; sallow complexion.
Epithelioma of mamma.
In a case of open cancer of left breast, which had been ulcerated for four or five years, it diminished the ulcerated surface, which was as large as half crown, to a size not as large as a pea.
In open cancer of right mamma, relieved the constant burning pain and favored healing, healthy granulations making their appearance.
Scraping in larynx.
Cough, with rawness of larynx; tingling and smarting in throat; hawks up tenacious, yellow or white mucus; pain on swallowing as if throat were excoriated; cough rough, harsh and rattling, and continued day and night; abdominal congestion. ~ Laryngo-tracheitis. ~ Bronchitis.
Bronchial catarrh of old people, with debility, loss of appetite, and a general cachectic condition.
Catarrhal cough of long standing, with febrile symptoms in evening and night, with debility in children.
Rough, harsh and rattling cough, day and night.
Dry, harsh cough, from tickling in larynx.
Chronic catarrhal cough, with febrile paroxysms in evening and night, with debility; cough rough, harsh and rattling, continued day and night.
Chronic cough, accompanied by febrile paroxysms evenings and night, and excessive prostration; sputa thick, yellowish, very tenacious, stringy and profuse.
Old man's cough; senile catarrh.
Rawness, soreness and burning in chest.
Bronchitis of old, exhausted people; thick, yellow, tenacious, stringy sputa.
Phthisis, to relieve goneness in stomach, emaciation, loss of appetite.
Cancer of right lung, with nodules in external walls of chest (relieved).
Palpitation, with faintness.
Dyspnea, with heavy beating of heart.
Intermittent pulsation of heart.
Palpitation of heart, with heavy, dull, hard, thumping fullness of chest and dyspnea, in connection with dyspepsia.
Palpitation, pain shooting from chest to left shoulder, with numbness of arm; irregular, and at times labored action of heart; cannot lie on either side; feeling of immediate suffocation on attempting to lie on left side; unable from weakness and dizziness to sit in erect posture; sounds of chest dull on percussion; heart has a muffled sound, as if laboring in a sac of water; a blowing and rushing sound in under portion, and peculiar noise at each stroke, like striking knuckle against a hard substance; swelling of abdomen, particularly upper portion; edema of legs; urine scanty and turbid; constipation; tongue yellowish-white; no appetite; food causes nausea; frequent sinking spells. ~ Heart disease.
Pulse slow, during the chill.
Ulcers under right and left inferior maxilla from broken down lymphatic glands.
Chronic suppuration and swelling of cervical glands; great weakness. ~ Scrofula.
Excoriations in folds of skin of neck. ~ Intertrigo.
Muscles of neck feel sore.
Pain in back and shoulders.
Aching pain in small of back in women, at change of life.
Debility and weakness in back and lower limbs, amel. by walking about.
Tired aching across small of back and in limbs; knees ache.
Stiffness in muscles of lumbar region while bending over for a short time, causing great difficulty when assuming an erect posture; dull, heavy, dragging pain and stiffness of back, especially across lumbar region, necessitating use of arms to rise from a seat; must walk about some time before being able to straighten up.
Pain from head to shoulders, with aching in both, more the left.
Rheumatic pains in elbow, forearms, right shoulder and first finger of left hand.
Right arm, from tips of fingers to shoulder, greatly swollen, and one mass of sores, discharging fetid pus; glands in axilla tender and swollen; elbow enlarged and full of sores; exceedingly weak and nervous, owing to severe pain and constant loss of sleep; emaciation.
Small boils, two or three inches apart on hands, arms and shoulders, some papular with inflamed area, others pustular.
Ulcer from a burn, on back of hand, greatly inflamed and very painful; could hardly move wrist.
Pain from right hip to knee, while walking; cannot stand or bear one's weight.
Legs feel weak; knees weak; aching.
Outer part of left knee aches while sitting, agg. when walking.
Erysipelas of lower extremities.
Bright efflorescence from patella to bend of foot; scaly skin slightly broken here and there, having in some places a jagged and cracked appearance; slight serous moisture; intolerable itching.
Irritable and indolent ulcers on legs.
Atonic old ulcers on legs.
Scrofulous ulcers on leg and foot.
Ulcers on both legs resulting from injuries.
Dry, superficial, angry looking ulcers on legs; covered by a yellow scab; stinging burning pain; areola inflamed, and covered by pimples, which frequently degenerate into ulcers; faint fetid odor; circular shape with flat edges; one of ulcers had high and thick edges; no pus; agg. at night also from warmth of bed, on motion, or on touching them; left side.
Three large ulcers each one of which seems to belong to a separate class, around right ankle; one in front is circular with high elevated edges slightly rounded, surrounded by inflamed skin; irregular base, bleeds readily and discharges a thin corrosive ichor; one on outside is circular, with clean, sharp cut edges, deep, smooth, shining base, but with ichorous discharge; inside one is largest, ragged, irregular and deep; rough base; high, rounded and swollen edges at upper part, well defined at the lower; discharge of grayish, putrid, thick pus and has one or two patches of large, flabby, pale granulations; pain from motion and from warmth of bed; on stepping on ground pricking sensation in sores, and on sitting down to rest after motion, shooting or lancinating pain in ulcers.
Extensive edema of foot and ankle.
Aching in sole of left foot; no amel. from change of position.
Dorsal surface of feet red, infiltrated, especially about toes, between which are deep fissures; aggravations from ointments; poor digestion; constipation alternating with diarrhea.
Hard, nodulated tumor as large as a walnut on dorsum of foot; occasionally painful.
Scrofulous ulcers in hollow of sole of foot, and over tarsal and metatarsal bones, discharging pus and sanious matter; loss of appetite; pale face; melancholia.
Lying: on left side causes feeling of immediate suffocation; cannot lie on either side.
Recumbent position: amel. womb complaints.
Sitting: outer part of left knee aches after motion; shooting pains in ulcers; in erect posture, dizziness.
Standing: feels as if everything would fall out.
Dull, heavy, dragging pain and stiffness of back especially across lumbar region, necessitating use of arms to rise from a seat; must walk about some time before being able to straighten up.
Rising from recumbent position: pain in side.
Stooping: pain in side; causes stiffness of muscles in lumbar region.
Walking: weakness in back and lower limbs; pain in right hip and knee; outer part of left knee aches.
Moving: agg. rumbling in abdomen with dull aching in hypogastrium and small of back; can hardly move wrist on account of ulcers; ulcers on legs agg.
Frequent sudden attacks of fainty spells, with profuse cold sweat all over. ~ Cancerous ulcers on left side of throat, inside.
Cachectic condition with loss of appetite and fainting.
After measles, great emaciation, depression of spirits; easily excited to anger; liver reduced in size; urine scanty and high colored. ~ Marasmus.
Debility from gastric, bilious and typhoid fevers.
Faintness, goneness, great weakness and physical prostration.
Morning: continual pain in head; mouth very dry; desire to pass water amel.; chill.
At 10.30 A. M.: dull, piercing pain on top of head, outward from ears.
Evening: febrile symptoms; chill; dull, burning pain.
At 10 P. M.: great heat of whole body.
Night: feeling of tight band around waist agg.; cannot sleep on account of pain in left breast; cough; febrile symptoms; ulcers on legs agg.; chilliness; delirium; erysipelatous rash; pains agg.
Before midnight: cannot sleep.
Warmth: agg. weeping eruption on forehead after having been in cold air; causes itching; ulcers on legs.
In room: discharge scanty from nose.
Washing: agg. eruption on forehead.
Getting feet wet during menses: severe pain in bowels.
Harsh, dry winds: cause acute catarrhal ophthalmia.
Out of doors: discharge from nose profuse.
Chill morning or evening; chilliness, especially in back or thighs, with aching, or around shoulders and chest; pulse slow.
Chilliness at night.
Heat, in flushes over face, neck and hands.
Great heat of whole body, dull, burning pain all evening.
Great heat of whole body, at 10 P. M., followed by great debility.
Profuse, offensive sweat of genitals.
Gastric, bilious or typhoid forms of fever, with gastric disturbances, jaundice and great debility following.
Fevers which do not reach a high grade of inflammatory action, but which are attended with gastric and bilious disturbances, or complicated with jaundice, and the deleterious effects of mercury or quinine.
Intermittent fever: cachectic subjects; gastric and hepatic symptoms, showing atony and torpor; vertex headache in paroxysms every other day, commencing at 11 A. M., with excessive nausea, retching and anguish.
Quotidian fevers, with gastric disturbance; jaundice.
Catarrhal symptoms which frequently precede measles; also favors development of eruption.
Typhoid fever with characteristic temperature; for days before attack feeling of entire goneness in pit of stomach, with no desire for food; abdominal tenderness, gurgling in ileo-cecal region, with bloated abdomen; delirium at night; a feeling that he could not recover.
Typhoid fever; retarded convalescence; will eat nothing; tongue large, flabby, thickly coated, and shows imprint of teeth; bowels constipated; urine scanty; copious sweats; sleeplessness.
Every day: faintings.
For hours: after stool, severe pain in rectum.
Three or four hours after eating: pains in bowels.
Twenty-four hours: urine suppressed.
Every other day: vertex headache at 11 A. M.
For days before attack of typhoid fever: feeling of entire goneness in pit of stomach.
For ten days: excessive bleeding, uterine hemorrhage; after menses leucorrhea agg.
Three weeks after confinement: seized after stool with severe burning, stinging pains in rectum and anus, lasting six or eight hours after each evacuation.
For a year: profuse menses flowing for ten days.
For four or five years: open cancer of left breast.
For eight years: one or two stools a week.
Right: tickling like a hair in nostril; pain in breast; burning in nostril; inner edge of ala nasi sore and thickened; inflammation in ear; eye closed from inflammation; dragging in groin to testicle; lump rising and falling in iliac and lumbar region; fullness and dull aching in hypochondrium; open cancer of mamma; cancer of lung; pain in breast and down arms; ulcer under inferior maxilla; rheumatic pains in shoulder; arm greatly swollen; pain from hip to knee; three large ulcers around ankle; shifting pains in leg and arm.
Left: sharp cutting over eyes agg.; laceration of scalp above temple; stye on lid; nosebleed left nostril; formation of diphtheritic membrane in nostril; side of nose swollen; inflammation from nostril to right ear; dragging in testicle to groin; sharp pain extending to ovarian region; fullness in iliac region; scirrhous tumor of breast; stony hard nodulated tumor in breast; cancer of breast; hard, irregular enlargement of breast; glands of axilla enlarged and painful; open cancer of breast; pain shooting from chest to shoulder; ulcer under inferior maxilla; aching in shoulder; rheumatic pains in first finger of hand; outer part of knee aches; ulcers on legs; aching in sole of foot; cancerous ulcer on side of throat.
Shifting pains from right leg to left.
As if intoxicated; tickling like a hair in right nostril; as if tongue had been burned; pain on swallowing as from excoriation; food seems to lie heavy on stomach; small spot in epigastric tumor as if filled with fluid; as if a lump of size of a hen's egg rising and falling on right iliac and lumbar regions; pains in groins as if he had strained himself; pain in uterine region felt like wind; as of a tight band around waist; as if everything would fall out when standing; as if knives were thrust into breast; as if throat was excoriated.
Pain: in eyes; over eyeballs; in right breast and down arms; in ears; at pit of stomach; in large intestines; in rectum; in groin; in back; in shoulders; in bowels; in liver; on opening eyes; in left breast; from head to shoulders; from right hip to knee.
Insupportable pains: in epigastric region.
Excruciating pain: in lumbar region.
Intense pain: in head.
Severe pain: in forehead; in stomach and bowels; in abdomen after stool; in rectum and anus; in uterine region; in back; in small of back; in back part of legs.
Lancinating pain: in breast extending up to shoulder and down arms; in ulcers.
Cutting pains: from groins into testicles.
Acute, distressing, cutting pains: in stomach.
Sharp cutting: in temples; in splenic and cecal regions; in hypogastric region, extending into testicle; in lower bowels and rectum; on inside of legs above knees.
Cutting, colicky pains: in abdomen.
Sharp pains: in region of spleen; around umbilicus; extending to left ovarian and splenic regions; in cecal region; around umbilicus.
Great anguish: about heart.
Shooting pains: from chest to left shoulder; in ulcers.
Darting pain: in head.
Griping: in abdomen.
Beating pain: in head.
Stinging pains: in rectum and anus; in ulcers on legs.
Severe burning pain: in rectum.
Pricking pains: in ulcers.
Rheumatic pains: in elbow, forearm, right shoulder and first finger of left hand.
Shifting pains: in right arm and leg, then left leg.
Continual pain: in head.
Tired aching: across small of back; in limbs.
Aching: in shoulder-blades; in small of back; in knees; in head and shoulders; in outer part of left knee; in soles of left foot.
Dull dragging: in groins; from groin to right then to left testicles across lumbar region.
Dull, aching pains: at stomach; in right hypogastrium; in hypogastrium and small of back; in region of kidneys.
Dull, burning pains: all over body.
Dull, heavy frontal headache.
Dull pain in hypogastrium; in small of back; on top of head; in stomach and bowels; in navel.
Fullness: over eyes; of chest; of stomach; of right hypogastrium; in hepatic region; in left iliac region.
Great sensitiveness: of epigastric region.
Tenderness: of cervical glands; over hepatic region; of os uteri; of abdomen.
Soreness: of cartilaginous septum; of inner edge of right ala; of uvula; of mouth of neck and throat; of liver; of nipple; in chest.
Pricking sensation: in ears.
Burning heat: of skin.
Burning: of eyes and lids; in nose; in right nostril; left nostril; in stomach; in bowels; in region of navel; in rectum and anus; in chest; in ulcers; on legs.
Heat: in intestines; of whole body.
Smarting: of eyes; in posterior nares; in nostrils; in throat; in rectum.
Sharp, raw, excoriated feeling; in both nares.
Sensation of roughness and stiffness: on swallowing.
Scraping: in larynx.
Rawness: in nares; in throat and chest; of left nostril; of mouth; of fauces; of larynx; in chest.
Tickling: in right nostril.
Tingling: of throat.
Dryness: of upper lids; of tongue.
Constriction: in hypogastric region.
Stuffed up sensation: in posterior nares.
Heaviness: of upper lids.
Weight: in stomach and epigastrium.
Roaring: in ears.
Stiffness: in muscles of lumbar region.
Numbness: of arm.
Faintness: at stomach; in hypogastrium.
Goneness: at epigastrium; in pit of stomach.
Debility: in back and lower limbs.
Weakness: of body and limbs.
Itching: of left nostril; of face; of throat; of foot; of skin.
Great emaciation; weight reduced 70 pounds; very moody and depressed in mind; averse to conversing; at times so excited as to curse his mother for the least thing, and throwing food or medicine across room; liver atrophied, not more than two-thirds the natural size; kidneys affected, urine scanty and high colored. ~ General marasmus.
Small wounds bleed much.
General anasarca; great difficulty in passing water, which is high colored and deposits a cloudy sediment on standing; constipation.
Mucous membranes: secretions increased, tenacious, ropy; erosions.
Catarrhal affections: in patients of a cachectic habit.
Muscles greatly weakened; atony.
Marasmus; scrofula; cancer cachexia.
Cancers: hard, adherent, skin mottled, puckered; cutting like knives; in mamma.
In cancer it removes the pain, modifies the discharge, depriving it of its offensiveness, and improves the general health in a marked degree.
In early stage of scirrhus, and chiefly when its situation is in a gland or in the immediate vicinity of a gland.
Stage of degenerative softening in scirrhus.
Touch: causes bleeding of cartilaginous septum which is sore; epigastric region very tender; ulcers on legs agg.
Pressure: cutting over eyes amel.; abdominal walls painful; liver sensitive; of hand amel. head; clothing feels uncomfortable about groins.
Skin jaundiced, of a dark greenish-yellow color.
Skin of a dark purplish hue, with heat and tingling, agg. from motion.
Hot, dry skin, with fever.
Burning heat and itching of skin.
Itching in small-pox.
Yellowish looking vesicles, filled with a limpid fluid.
Hyperidrosis; excessive sweat of axillae or about genitals; offensive.
Obstinate excoriations of skin, intertrigo, in children.
Nettlerash from head to foot, next day face affected and through scratching became much swollen; lids puffed; itching, burning and stinging, agg. at night; rash resembled scarlatina, both in color and in disappearing a long time on pressure.
Erysipelatoid rash on face, neck, palms, joints of fingers and wrist, with maddening, burning heat, later skin exfoliates; pains agg. at night.
Fissures around mucous outlets, as on lips, about anus, or on flexor surfaces, and between fingers and toes of syphilitic subjects, who have used too much mercury or iodide of potash; debilitated subjects, broken down by excessive use of alcohol.
Margins around anus thickened and fissured, fissures extending into mucous membrane.
Ulcers with indolent granulations; unhealthy and scanty pus; scrofulous or cachectic persons.
Chronic ulcers arising from contusions, incised and lacerated wounds, burns, scalds, or some disease of skin.
Ulcers following removal of tumors, pricking pain on motion of part.
Small-pox; itching; tingling of skin; great redness, swelling and aching of skin; very sore throat; intense aching in small of back and legs; pustules dark; ulcers in mouth and fauces; sleeplessness.
Variola, itching tingling of eruption: face swollen; throat raw; pustules dark; great prostration.
Face greatly swollen, eyes closed, nose enormously large and entirely stopped up; throat very sore; pustules dark; almost unconscious, having no hope of recovery. ~ Small-pox.
Face covered with a fine rash which subsequently proved to be confluent small-pox; face greatly swollen, eyes closed; throat sore.
In small-pox it relieves the irritation almost instantly, removes the swelling, diminishes the odor, obviates secondary fever, prevents pitting to very great degree, and destroys the contagious character of the disease.
Lupus; lupus exedens and ulcerative stage of leprosy.
Weakened, debilitated subjects, with mucous discharges.
Cachectic persons, with marked disturbance of gastric and hepatic functions.
Child, aet. 1; constipation.
Boy, aet. 6, light complexion, light curly hair, had not been vaccinated; small-pox.
Girl, aet. 8, after a fall; lacerated wound of scalp.
Little girl, after burn; ulcer on back of hand.
Girl, aet. 14, as she was about recovering from an attack of diphtheria; diphtheritic deposit in nose and vagina.
Man, aet. 18, cachectic, consumptive appearance; scrofulous ulcers on leg.
Woman, aet. 20, brunette, black eyes, delicate features, but strong and energetic, two months pregnant with third child; constipation and hemorrhoids.
Woman, aet. 21, mother of one child, nervous temperament, blue eyes, light hair, has prolapsus uteri and leucorrhea of several years standing; uterine affection.
Unmarried woman, aet. 22; cancer of breast.
Man, aet. 22, after measles two and one-half years ago; marasmus.
Miss —, aet. 25, a teacher, was given up by the old school; cancer of stomach.
Married woman, aet. 26, light hair, pale complexion, feeble constitution, tea drinker, has suffered for twelve years; headache and constipation.
Young unmarried woman, for two years under allopathic treatment; cancer of breast.
Sanguine young lady, after confinement; sore mouth.
Unmarried woman; erysipelas.
Man, suffering from itch, for which corrosive sublimate was used; salivation.
Man, aet. 28, blue eyes, light hair, unmarried, of dissipated habits, has had three epileptic seizures, has had gonorrhea three times; gonorrhea.
Man, aet. 29, after habitual use of purgatives; constipation.
Woman, aet. 29, mother of two children, habitually takes castor oil and senna; constipation.
Colored woman, aet. 30, next day after confinement; small-pox.
Woman, aet. 32, blue eyes, light hair, delicate skin, mother of two children, has used tea and coffee for fifteen years; suffering for three years; hemorrhoids.
Man, aet. 32, mason, three years ago fell from a scaffold and injured right arm; ulceration of arm.
Man, aet. 35, mill operator, habits moderately temperate; ulcers on leg.
Mrs. J., aet. 37, laundress, health good; tumor in left breast.
Woman, aet. 38, bilious temperament, dark hair, suffering eight years, has taken much purgative medicine; constipation.
Man, aet. 40; jaundice.
Man, aet. 40, railroad engineer; small-pox.
Woman, aet. 45; cancerous tumor.
Man, aet. 46, during Crimean campaign was attacked with rheumatic fever, consequent upon exposure; anasarca and constipation.
Woman, aet. 50, has suffered many years; cancer (improved).
Woman, single, aet. 52, of phthisical family, ill fourteen years, but always delicate; dyspepsia.
Mrs. D., aet. 55, suffering two years; tumor on foot.
Woman, aet. 60, widow, seven children, previously stout and healthy, after getting wet one year ago, affection of liver for which she was leeched, blistered and salivated, since which she has not been well; subacute inflammation of liver.
Woman, aet. 70; sore leg.
Man, aet. 70; epigastric tumor.
Antidoted by: Sulphur (head symptoms and sciatic pains).
It antidotes: Mercur. and chlorate of potash.
Compare: Am. mur., Ant. crud., Kali bich., Pulsat. (action on mucous membranes); Aloes., Collin., Sepia, Sulphur (action on lower bowels); Berber., Digit., Gelsem. (gastro-duodenal catarrh involving bile ducts); Nux vom. (gastric catarrh of alcoholism); Am. mur., Graphit., Nux vom. (constipation); Ant. crud. (indigestion); Kali bich. (otorrhea); Arsen., Merc. corr., Euphras. (ophthalmia); Arg. nitr., Kali bich. (nasal catarrh); Hepar (syphilitic ozaena after abuse of mercury or iodide of potash); Aloes, Sulphur (cough with abdominal congestion); Arsen., Aurum mur., Hydrocotyle, Kali bich. (lupus); Ant. tart., Baptis, Thuja (variola); Thuja (epithelioma); Arsen., Baptis., Conium, Condur., Kreos., Phytol., Trifol. prat. (cancer of mammary glands); Cinchon. (intermittents); Strychnia (action on spinal cord).
|Source:||The Guiding Symptoms of Our Materia Medica Vol. 06, 1888|
|Description:||Clinical materia medica of Hydrastis canadensis|
|Author:||Hering, C.; Raue, C.G.; Knerr, C.B.; Mohr, C.|
|Editing:||errors only; interlinks; formatting|