Board of Censors (to examine the credentials of Candidates for membership): S. R. Beckwith, M.D., Cleveland, Ohio; J. R. Piper, M.D., Washington, D.C.; J. D. Middleton, M.D., Baltimore, Md.; L. Dodge, M, D., Buffalo, N. Y.; G. D. Beebe, M.D., Chicago, III.
Committee to audit Treasurer's Account: J. P. Dake, M.D., Pittsburgh, Pa.; I. M. Ward, M.D., Newark, N. J.; J. R. Coxe, Jr., M.D., Philadelphia; W. E. Payne, M.D., Bath, Me.; S. M. Cate, M.D., Salem, Mass.
Dr. W. E. PAYNE presented the report of the Central Bureau on Materia Medica; composed of Drs. B. F. Joslin, W. E. Payne, E. Bayard, M. J. Rhees, C. J. Hempel. Dr. Payne had made some provings of Glonoine: Drs Joslin and Bayard, Inula helenium: Dr. Hempel, Senaria canadlansis, and Dr. C. Wright, Rumex crispus.
On motion of Dr. P. P. Wells, the report was referred to committee on publication. Dr. Wells informed the Institute, that a very full proving of Glonoine was published in a work on American Provings by Dr. Hering, which had never been translated into English, but which he hoped would be as it contained a fund of valuable information.
Dr. S. M. CATE, committee on Pareira brava, reported verbally, that attention had been given to the subject assigned at the last meeting. An effort was made to procure a proving. The tinct. was taken by himself, commencing with ten drops twice a-day, which was followed for six days, then the quantity was gradually increased till one ounce was taken at a dose. The symptoms observed were so slight and indefinite as to be of no value. Something like a month after, he began to gain in flesh, and during the six months following gained twenty-five pounds. Whether the medicine had anything to do with this result, he is unable to say. Another person took the tinct. for some time, with no other effect than to cure a chronic ringing in the head, and smarting and dryness of the eyes.
He had used Pareira brava the last two years in some chronic diseases of the kidneys and their consequences, with satisfactory results. In three cases, where the urine had a thick muco-purulent deposit, that would settle in the bottom of the vessel in considerable quantities, the effect was decided, amounting to nearly or quite a permanent cure. In one of these cases there was considerable swelling of one foot and ankle, that disappeared as the kidneys got well. It has also done good service in three cases of incipient Amaurosis. In these three cases, he considered the difficulty of vision to arise from the deposit of something about the optic nerve that should have been eliminated from the blood by the kidneys. The improvement was prompt and, as far as he knew, lasting. He considers it of some use in Diabetes simplex, and perhaps in Diabetes mellitus; he has used the tincture, two drops a day, in solution, in two or four parts of water. Painless nodosities of the finger joints, not rheumatic, were cured in two cases; and one case of rheumatic-gout, with deposits outside the capsular ligament of the knee, received great benefit from the use of this remedy.
Dr. S. R. Beckwith, Chairman of the Board of Censors, reported the names of those physicians whose credentials they had examined and found to be correct. Whereupon, the following were duly elected members of the Institute:
Henry Ahlborn, M.D., Marblehead, Mass.; James T. Alley, M.D, New York City; F. S. Bradford, M.D, Charleston, S. C.; Silas S. Brooks, M.D, Philadelphia; John Brown, M.D, Lynn, Mass.; Samuel Brown, M.D, Philadelphia; William Brown, M.D, Philadelphia; Charles S. Buckner, M.D, Baltimore Md.; J. B. L. Clay, M.D, Mooreston, N. J.; J. F. Cushing, M.D, Covington, Ky.; J. W. Dake, M.D, Warsaw, N. Y.; Carroll Dunham, M.D, Newburgh, N. Y.; John W. Fox, M.D, Covington, Ky.; William E. Freeman, M.D, Wilmington, N. C; Owen B. Cause, M.D, Trenton, N. J.; J. R. Hamilton, M.D, Skowhegan, Wis.; William C. Harbison, M.D, Philadelphia; William H. Holcombe, M.D, Waterproof, La.; I. D. Johnson, M.D, Kennett Square, Pa.; J. R. Lee, M.D, Philadelphia; Robert J. McClatchey. M.D, Philadelphia; George J. McLeod, M.D, Philadelphia; John Malin, M.D, Philadelphia; Joseph Moore, M.D. Bridgeton, N. J.; Thomas Moore, M.D, Philadelphia; Charles Morrill, M.D, Norwalk, Ohio; James H. Payne, M, D, Bangor, Me.; Edward Reading, M.D, Hatboro, Pa.; Edward J. Record, M.D, Woodbury, N. J.; Jacob Reed, Jr., M.D, Philadelphia; Charles M. Samson, M.D, Brooklyn, N. Y.; John C. Sanders, M.D, Cleveland, Ohio; James L. Scott, M.D, Philadelphia; Henry M. Smith, M.D, New York; J. W. Smith, Jr., M.D, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Thomas Franklin Smith, M.D, New York; George R. Starkey, M.D, Philadelphia; Jacob G. Stehman, M.D, Lancaster, Pa.; William Stiles, M.D, Philadelphia; E. B. Thomas, M.D, Cincinnati, Ohio; Daniel M. Tindall, M.D, Philadelphia; Charles E. Toothaker, M.D, Philadelphia; David S. Trites, M.D, Philadelphia; George S. Terrill, M.D, Cleveland, Ohio; Theodore C. White, M.D, Detroit, Mich.; O. S. Wood, M.D., Phoenixville, Pa. Anthony H. Worthington, M.D.
The hall was filled by an appreciative audience, who frequently manifested their approval by hearty applause. At the close of the address a vote of thanks were tendered the orator and a copy asked for publication.
Dr. E. J. Record moved that the publishing committee be directed to print extra copies of Dr. McManus' Address, the number not to exceed 5000, and to be furnished to the members with the proceedings. Carried.
A communication was received from Dr. H. D. Paine, of Albany, N.Y., relative to furnishing a complete set of the Proceedings of the Institute to the Smithsonian Institute; he having been directed, at the last meeting of the Institute, to procure a set. Thus far he had been unsuccessful. The later volumes of the proceedings, only, having been preserved among the archives of the Institute, a complete set is not to be had. The communication was ordered on file.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to prepare appropriate commemorative notices of such members of the Institute as have died during the past year, and that the report be incorporated with the published proceedings of the Institute.
Resolved, That any member neglecting or refusing the payment of his annual dues for — years, shall be considered to have forfeited his membership; and if, after being notified of his indebtedness by the secretary or treasurer, he shall still neglect to pay, his name shall be omitted from the published list of members.
The committee appointed to select the place and time for the next Annual Meeting of the Institute, recommended holding it in Cincinnati, on the first Wednesday in June, 1861. The recommendation was adopted.
Dr. W. E. Paths said the paper of Dr. Kenyon, just now read, was highly interesting to him, inasmuch as it was a clinical confirmation of the pathogenetic power of the Gelseminum upon the organs of vision, as exhibited in his own proving of that drug. He had no doubt the Gelseminum would prove to be one of the most valuable agents in the treatment of affections of the eye, especially in those forms called amaurosis and amblyopia. In his own case, the effect upon the head and organs of vision was very remarkable, and, indeed, so powerfully did it effect the sight, he was obliged to discontinue the proving. A full and crowded sensation in the head, with dizziness and blurred vision, were the more prominent effects upon himself; but the dimness of sight was of the most constant occurrence and most persistent. The face, also, was flushed and hot, and pulse accelerated. These symptoms led him to the conclusion that the Gelseminum would prove homoeopathic to some forms of amaurosis; hence in the remarks appended to his short proving, as published in The American Homoeopathic Review, he suggested the homoeopathicity of the drug to the disease.
He thought every prover should endeavor to fix upon the more prominent features, or characteristics, of the drug on trial, and point them out; indicating them by some general remarks or symbols so as to fix the attention, as no one could see them so clearly as he who was under its influence.
His own clinical experience led him to believe, that the Gelseminum would play an important part in the treatment of some forms of fever, especially those resulting from sudden atmospheric changes, or rather those following a sudden check of the perspiratory process. Something like the following combinations of symptoms he thought would pretty clearly indicate the sphere of this drug in fevers resulting from checked perspiration: — Soreness of the throat; irritation of the nasal passages; heat of face, with injected conjunctiva: painful cough; cerebral head-ache, with a full crowded sensation; pain in back and limbs, with soreness of muscles; chills, increased by movement; skin dry and hot to feel; restlessness; pulse accelerated, fall and bounding; thirst and sleeplessness. A drenching perspiration would often follow a dose or two of the third or twelfth attenuation of the Gelseminum with long continued sleep, from which the patient would usually arouse relieved from all his sufferings, except a feeling of prostration. Such, at least, had been his experience in several cases.
On the 14th, at 9, a.m., head seemed larger than natural and eyes very painful At 3, p.m., head very full; pulse 86 (natural 74); aching pains all over especially severe in the neck and head. On the 15th, at 7, a.m., when rising great confusion in the sight; vision very dim, compelling him to rub the eye; head very full and painful; face quite hot and flushed. The confusion in the sight continued more or less during the 15th, 16th and 17th, when it disappeared. Objects appeared double, and while shaving he cut himself in two or three places, a thing which had never before occurred. The painful feelings in the head and eyes were so severe, he was compelled to stop the proving. Since then he has proved the third and fourth decimal dilutions, and has experienced the same symptoms, only not so severe. He could observe no effect on the urinary apparatus, except a trifling increase in the quantity of urine; and under the influence of the third decimal dilution, he had a slight chill followed by some fever, and the pulse rose to 80. This continued for two or three days. Nearly all the symptoms of the head and eyes were experienced very soon, in fifteen or twenty minutes, while the other symptoms were longer in appearing. The pain in the head was mostly in the sinciput and left temple, occasionally very severe in vertex. During the whole proving, appetite was very deficient, and at times there was a severe pain in the back, similar to lumbago, not lasting more than thirty or forty minutes, and followed by a sensation of heat in the lumbar region. He had, after the fever produced by the third decimal, a rather profuse general perspiration for an hour, followed by a strong desire to sleep. The general symptoms were — irritability, confusion of head, weakness and flying pains throughout the body.
In several cases of amblyopia, he had succeeded with Gelseminum in curing the patient. In one case there was perfect amaurosis of the left eye; and the other had the following symptoms, which were radically cured in six weeks by Gels. third and sixth decimal, three, two and one dose per diem: —
Great pain in the forehead and temples; vertigo; weakness and dimness of sight; more pain when looking at objects at a distance; sparks and muscae volitantes before the eyes; confusion of ideas; pupil now enlarged — again diminished. The other cases were very similar and all three were cured in four to eight weeks.
He had tried the Gels, in Gonorrhoea but had no success, for after a few days the patients, whom he had given five drops of tinct. thrice per diem, refused to take any more, saying it made them nearly blind. He tried Gels., third decimal, in ten, fifteen and twenty drop doses, three and four times per day, but with no success, and in all these oases the head and eyes were complained of.
He had no doubt that in some cases of Febris Intermittens the Gels. will prove very valuable. It is his intention, so soon as he has finished the proving of Polygonum punctatum, to resume the proving of Gels, in the dilutions, beginning with the thirtieth, and going to the third centesimal, as he considers such provings far more reliable than those with the tincture, since the latter only produce the toxicological effects, which we, as Homoeopathists, will seldom see in any of our patients afflicted with diseases, for which Gels, is specific; while the symptoms produced by the dilutions will be of very great value to each, and to all.
Dr. B. prepares five powders, to be given in the order of their numbers, dry on the tongue at intervals of half an hour; the remedies being, 1 Aconite, 2 and 4 Hepar sulph., 3 and 5 Spongia, all of the two hundredth potency; the administration to be suspended as soon as relief is manifest. In these three hundred cases there were not ten which required the five powders for their cure. Dr. Geary had generally been successful with Aconite, Hepar sulph., and Spongia. He used the low dilutions; tincture to the sixth.
Dr. S. GREGG said he had some experience in the treatment of croup, and he very much doubted that membranous croup could be cured in that space of time by any treatment. For no homoeopathic remedies would remove the mechanical obstruction that accumulates in all those severe and neglected cases. He had seen many cases get well where the diphtheritic exudations could be seen upon the glottis, epiglottis, pharynx and tonsils; yet, all such cases were very much to be dreaded. But he had much satisfaction in being able to say, that in the course of twenty-two years' practice with homoeopathic medicines, he had treated many hundred cases of croup, and that he had not lost a patient, when he had seen the case within thirty-six hours after the first sharp, shrill, croupy cough was noticed.
His usual treatment, in all such cases, was to give Hepar sulph., Bromine and Aconite in that order of succession, at intervals of sixty, thirty, twenty, or even fifteen minutes, according to the urgency of indication and the effect of the remedies. In most cases, the third decimal attenuation of these remedies had] been used. He had witnessed good effects in some desperate cases, from the first attenuation of Bromate and Bi-Carbonate of Potash, Tinct. Cantharis, and the first trituration of Hepar and Phosphorus. He had not used Spongia at all for many years, being better satisfied with the effect of Bromine. In all cases attended with inflammatory congestion, he applies cold water embrocations on the throat and chest. In those cases of sudden attack of Spasmodic or Asthmatic Croup, he has relied, with entire satisfaction, upon the administration of Hepar sulph., Allium cep., Ipecacuanha and Aconite, and has usually found some one of the above remedies all that were necessary.
The early symptoms, in the most troublesome cases of croup, are generally first noticed in the night. The patient is restless and coughs once or twice, perhaps, without waking; the cough having that peculiar shrill sound, which is never mistaken by one who has witnessed the progress of a continued severe case. The little patient sleeps on, not otherwise troubled, and, perhaps, during the next day remains comfortable and playful. But if it happens to cough in the day, the same sound of the cough will be noticed; but, otherwise, the child will appear perfectly well and go to sleep the second night the same as usual in good health. Then, after the first nap, it may be for half an hour or it may be for three hours, the patient wakes with the cough and oppression for breath, more or less severe. Where the oppression is not alarming, or the attendants have not been accustomed to the insidious character of the disease, it may be neglected still longer. All such cases will be severe, and a favorable prognosis cannot be given For if relief is not given by arresting the progress of the disease within the next twenty-four hours after the second attack of cough, the patient's chance to live is very small, whatever the treatment may be. As the danger from asphyxia is increased when the membrane is becoming detached, tracheotomy should not be neglected in children three and a half or four years of age or upwards; in younger subjects it will not avail.
Dr. JACOB JEANES believed membranous croup was a distinct disease from other kinds. He approved of Aconite, Hepar and Spongia, and used also Tartar emet. and other remedies. He approves of the method as spoken of by Dr. Wells. Had used Sanguinaria in diphtheritic exudations; thought we should be cautious in giving Iodides of Mercury.
Dr. W. Williamson spoke of the superiority of Bromine in the treatment of membranous croup, and of the importance of Aconite, Tartar emetic, Spongia and Ipecacuanha; thought the specific action of Aconite was oftener seen in that variety known as spasmodic croup. Had seen remarkable effects from its use, in such cases, in the thirtieth attenuation; does not believe in Hepar in the acute stage of spasmodic or membranous croup.
In the incipient stage of diphtheria, had had good success with Antimonium crudum and Mercurius vivus; did not have much confidence in Iodide of Mercury. In a more advanced stage of the disease, Rhus possesses a striking similarity of symptoms and is a very important remedy.
On motion of Dr. J. P. Dam, Drs. B. F. Joslin, E. E. Marcy and Jacob Beakley, were continued as the committee for publishing articles in The American Homoeopathic Review, in accordance with a resolution to that effect adopted June 2nd, 1859.
The following gentlemen were re-appointed as The Central Bureau for the Augmentation and Improvement of the Materia Medica: — B. F. Joslin, M.D., Chairman, New York; W. E. Payne, M.D., Bath, Me.; M. J. Rhees, M.D., Mount Holly, N. J.; E. Bayard, M D., New York; C. J. Hempel, M.D., Philadelphia.
I. That the law of cure, discovered by Hahnemann and set forth in the terms Similia Similibus Curantur, is universal in its control of medicinal means.*[The term medicinal being used for all curative means which are not chemical mechanical or hygienic.]
III. That the nature of all pathogenetic means and especially their homoeopathic relationship to particular diseases, requires the employment of the least doses that experience proves to be efficiently curative and never can allow such as might prove destructive to life.
Resolved, That we regard the Homoeopathic Law as co-extensive with disease and that a resort to any other medical means than those pointed out by the law Similia Similibus Curantur, is the result, in part, of the incompleteness of our Materia Medica, in part, of a want of sufficient knowledge by the physician of those remedies already possessed by our school, and not from any insufficiency of the Homoeopathic Law. Adopted.
The officers of the Institute shall be a President, a Vice-President, a General Secretary, a Provisional Secretary, and a: Treasurer, with such other officers as shall be designated by the by-laws, to be chosen at such time, and in such manner, and for such a period, and with such duties as those by-laws shall ordain.
Votes of thanks were tendered to the officers for their services; to the daily papers for their correct reports of the proceedings; to the Managers of the Homoeopathic College for the use of the room for holding the meeting; to Drs. R. Gardiner and W. Williamson for their kind entertainment; and to the Railroad Companies for their reduction in fare to the members of the Institute.
|The American Homoeopathic Review Vol. 02 No. 09, 1860, pages 415-425
|This American Institute of Homoeopathy, the Seventeenth Annual Session at Philadelphia, June 6th, 1860.
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